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Historical Tour


The District of Hermel
Hermel lies at the northernmost edge of the Bekaa Valley, 140 km from Beirut and 600 meters above sea level. The region holds a wealth of ancient monuments, stark landscapes, and flowing bodies of water.
Below these imposing remains is the “Blue Source” of the Assi River with its blue-tinted water. The stream flows through a rush riverside oasis in a landscape of dramatic but barren hills. Further north, are the Dirdara falls, wide fast-flowing rapids; at their base are several outdoor restaurants where diners can enjoy the cool atmosphere of rushing water.
Hermel is named due to the ancient historic monument The Pyramid of El, having a population of 80 000. Hermel is surrounded by Syria at the North side, Baalbeck at the South, the Assi River flow at the East, and Akkar and Tripoli at the West. Normally, the temperature average ranges from -5°C in January till 32°C in August, whereas its rainfall average reaches 250mm yearly.

Historical Background
Hermel has a number of intriguing sights and ruins due to the various civilizations that lived in this region such as the Pyramid of El, The Monastery of Saint Maroun, the Canalizations of Zenobia, the Byzantine Churches, the Fortress of Moalaqa – a monument dated from the time of Nebuchadnezzar II, and the birth of Gibran Khalil Gibran at the Al Ratel Valley where he spent his childhood.

Copyrights reserved at the National Organization of UNESCO.
This research was prepared by the Architect Dr. Ali Mosmar the graduate of Napoli University of Fine Arts, Interior Architecture, and History of Art.; and  the University of Rome for Arts and Cinematography.
Instructor at the Lebanese University
Member of the of the Cinema Scenographers in Italy
Member of the Cinema artists in Lebanon
Vice President of the Chamber of Commerce in Milano, Italy
Deputy Commissioner and Minister in the Parliament of security and international peace


President of the university graduates in northern Bekaa


Vice President of the Lebanese Federation of Canoe and Kayak – President of the crazyrafting club for Canoe and Kayak